This is a music video for the single “Part of Me” by pop singer Katy Perry, which was released in 2012 and debuted at number one on the Billboard Top 100. In the video, Perry plays a woman who enlists in the army after she is left heartbroken by her cheating boyfriend. The turning point in the narrative comes when Perry sees a sticker on a billboard that reads “All women are created equal, then some become marines.” She immediately cuts her hair short, straps her breasts down, and begins training with the army. Her appearance in camouflage and army gear conveys an external, masculine strength while the repeated lyrics of the chorus “This is the part of me/that you’re never gonna ever take away from me” speak to her internal strength.
This is a video for the song “Miss Independent”, released by singer Kelly Clarkson in 2003. It was a hit in the United States, peaking at number 9 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Clarkson was the first winner of the American Idol reality competition show, and this was the lead song of her debut album. The lyrics of the song tell the tale of an independent and aloof woman who finally lets down her guard and falls in love. The protagonist is variously described as “Miss Independent”, “Miss Outta-My-Way” and “Miss Never-let-a-man-help-her-off-her-throne”, suggesting a strong and fiercely independent but cold personality. In the lyrics, the process of falling in love is described as transformative and deeply rewarding: “It took some time for her to see/ How beautiful love could truly be/ I’m so glad I finally see.” In the video clip, the singer wakes up the morning after a house party and reflects back on the night. Glimpses of the male love interest appear throughout the song, until she meets him face-to-face at the end of the clip.
In this 2010 video for her single “Pretty Girl Rock,” pop and R&B singer Keri Hilson delivers a message about being proud of one’s beauty. She transitions through a series of costumes, demonstrating the dominant popular music and fashion styles through various eras from American history. From the flashy headpieces of the 1920s to the sateen pajama suits of the 1990s, Hilson repeats the same refrain: “Don’t hate me ‘cause I’m beautiful.”
This music video for the song “Area Codes” by rapper Ludacris, featuring Nate Dogg, was released in 2001. The song is about the alleged numerous women dispersed across the world -- their locations indicated by their United States telephone area codes -- with whom Ludacris has either had sex with, or would be readily available for sex if he were to call. The chorus repeated throughout the song is, “I’ve got hoes, I’ve got hoes, in different area codes, area codes, area codes. I’ve got hoes.” The primary imagery of the video features Ludacris, a plane and several scantily-clad women with area codes emblazoned across their tight-fitted, cropped shirts or bikinis, dancing suggestively in high heels. The music video also features clips from Rush Hour 2, an action comedy movie starring Jackie Chan and Chris Tucker, since the song was part of the movie’s soundtrack. During the Rush Hour 2 scenes that flash through the music video, Ludacris raps lyrics such as “I bang cock in Bangkok,” “I’m the thriller in Manilla,” “Schlong in Hong Kong.”
This video from rapper Ludacris was released in 2006, and the song peaked at Number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 music charts. Throughout the video, Ludacris and Pharrell are surrounded by dancing women in mini-dresses; the men flash $100 bills as they call on the women to “shake their moneymaker”.